Distinctive Economic Features In Different Areas In Gguangdong China
With rapid economic development, regional disparities in economy of Guangdong have gradually widened, and economic zones with distinctive features have been formed. Traditionally, Guangdong is divided into the Pearl River Delta, east part, west part and the northern mountainous area by geographical location and economic features. The Pearl River Delta consists of nine cities, namely Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Zhuhai, Foshan, Dongguan, Zhongshan, Jiangmen, Zhaoqing and Huizhou; east part consists of Shantou, Shanwei, Chaozhou and Jieyang; west part consists of Zhanjiang, Maoming and Yangjiang; and northern mountainous area consist of Shaoguan, Heyuan, Meizhou, Qingyuan and Yunfu.
Guangdong is currently in the midway of the industrialization process, while Pearl River Delta has entered the mature period of industrialization. In terms of the development trend of multiple factors such as geographical location, industrialization process, regional industrial structure and urbanization etc., reliance on the “core area” of the Pan Pearl River Delta alone is far from enough to drive the economic development in all regions in Guangdong. It is necessary to take resource endowment and geographical location of all areas into comprehensive consideration, then select the places with high development potential in east and west parts, coastal region and northern mountainous area to cultivate new “core areas” so as to drive the development of the hinterland (fringe areas).
The so called “double cores and two zones” mean two megacities of Guangzhou and Shenzhen, “economic zone in coastal areas” and “growth zone in mountainous areas”. The convergence and radiation functions of Guangzhou and Shenzhen should be strengthened and relied on so as to bring their role of core city into full play in regional economic growth.
At the same time, construction of “economic zone in coastal areas” and “growth zone in mountainous areas” should also be speeded up. In order to bring into play the advantages of bordering on the sea in east and west parts, construction of the economic zones in east and west parts will be speeded up to form a zone-type economic body and industrial corridor along Guangdong’s coastal line and the relevant traffic hub, which will connect with the economic zone in the Pan Pearl River Delta to form the South China Coastal Economic Zone. This will have profound significance on optimizing the future regional layout of Guangdong. “Growth zone in mountainous areas” mainly means areas with fast growth of industrial value added in recent years that are adjacent to the Pan Pearl River Delta in the mountainous regions such as Qingyuan, Heyuan, Zhaoqing, Yunfu and Shanwei. With great growth potential, this growth zone is likely to form a new manufacturing zone in Guangdong.
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