Considerable Achievements Made by Foreign Investment
(1) Capital supply
Since 1990’s, the flow of large foreign investment has considerably alleviated the shortage of capital in Jiangsu, adding savings and foreign exchange, and reducing the bottleneck situation in transportation, communication and energy authorities, therefore foreign investment has contributed a lot to economic growth and capital raising in the region. The rate of foreign direct investment against total investment in fixed assets increased rapidly in 1990’s. Whereas, during the 10th Five-Year Plan Period, as a result of rapid growth of non-state investment, the rate of foreign investment increased and then decreased, from 39.54% in 2013 to 19.36% in 2015.
(2) Industrial growth
In terms of industrial development during 10th Five-Year Plan Period, an annual growth of value added of foreign-funded large enterprises amounted to 23.3%, which was higher than Stateowned enterprises (16.4%), collective enterprises (16.5%), share-holding enterprises (13.7%), and share-holding enterprises (17.7%). In 2005, among total value added of large industrial enterprise in the whole province, foreign-funded enterprises accounted for 317.271 billion yuan, with the rate increasing from 27.9% in 2001 to 39.4% in 2005.
(3) Technological progress
Statistics on large industrial enterprises in 2005 showed that, among high-tech and new enterprises in the whole province, 1,284 foreign-funded enterprises held assets of 341.66 billion yuan, achieved sales revenue of 555.42 billion yuan, and paid taxation of 26.44 billion yuan, respectively accounting for 66.7%, 75.8% and 62.1%. In addition to that, the amount and grade of foreign R&D centers established in China increased, with integration of manufacture centers, regional headquarters and R&D centers. The establishment of these centers and talents flow facilitate the rapid transmission of international management expertise in China, and enhance technological development in the region. By the end of 2005, more than 80 foreign-funded R&D centers had been approved and established in the province, accounting for over 10% of the total in China.
(4) Job creation
Economic survey statistics showed that 10,468,600 employees worked in enterprises in Jiangsu at the end of 2004, rising 31%, with an increase of 1,040,500. Those worked in foreignfunded enterprises increased from 1,486,500 in 2001 to 2,609,800, rising 75.5%, with an increase of 1,123,200. The rate of foreign-funded enterprise employees increased from 15.8% in 2001 to 24.9%, increasing 9.1%. Considerable growth of employees in foreign-funded enterprises accelerated movement of surplus rural workers, and effectively alleviated pressure in urban employment.
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